Botaniates. [9] As a result, Alexios and Constantine, Maria's son, were now adoptive brothers, and both Isaac and Alexios took an oath that they would safeguard his rights as emperor. Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper. Conspiracy and revolt of the Komnenoi against Botaneiates, Wars against the Normans, Pechenegs, and Tzachas, Byzantine-Seljuq Wars and the First Crusade, "Alexiad", 2,1,4–6, 2.3.2–3,2.3.4; cf. Papst Urban II. Neamul Comnenilor se trăgea din orășelul trac Comne. HRE Ferdinand I's 12-Great Grandfather. Alexios was the son of the Domestic of the Schools John Komnenos and Anna Dalassena, and the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). Seine Dynastie wird auch die der Komnenenkaiser genannt. Alexios Imperium Byzantinum, Imperator I. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 or 1056 – 15 August 1118), was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Alexios I Komnenos, Latinized as Alexius I Comnenus (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Α' Κομνηνός, 1056 – 15 August 1118—note that some sources list his date of birth as 1048), [3] was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118, and although he was not the founder of the Komnenian dynasty, it was during his reign that the Komnenos family came to full power. Kindheit. [8] In this capacity, Alexios defeated the rebellions of Nikephoros Bryennios the Elder (whose son or grandson later married Alexios' daughter Anna) and Nikephoros Basilakes, the first at the Battle of Kalavrye and the latter in a surprise night attack on his camp. Im Innern des Reichs, das er in einem zerrütteten Zustand vorfand, stellte er die Ordnung her. Alexios I. Komnenos (mittelgriechisch Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός) (* 1057; † 15. August 1118) war byzantinischer Kaiser von 1081 bis 1118. Alexios' father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. Kaiser Alexios I. Komnenos räumt der neuen Mittelmeer-macht Venedig Handels-privilegien ein; 1111 erlangt auch Pisa Konzessionen. Alexios came from a military family from Asia Minor , and he had royal blood for he was the nephew of Emperor Isaac Komnenos (r. 1057-1059 CE). Although he was not the founder of the Komnenian dynasty, it was during his reign that the Komnenos family came to full power. Under the falsehood of making a vesperal visit to worship at the church, she deliberately excluded the grandson of Botaneiates and his loyal tutor, met with Alexios and Isaac, and fled for the forum of Constantine. Bryennius 4.2, who dates the adoption to early in the reign of Botaneiates, Centre for Byzantine Studies, University of Thessaloniki, "La résistance aux Turcs en Asie Mineure entre Mantzikert et la Première Croisade", Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Theodora Megale Komnene ("Despina Khatun"), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alexios_I_Komnenos&oldid=999543242, Byzantine people of the Byzantine–Norman wars, Byzantine people of the Byzantine–Seljuk wars, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRBM, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRBM without a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 1048 Died: 1118. [42], In 1116, though already terminally ill, Alexios conducted a series of defensive operations in Bythinia and Mysia to defend his Anatolian territories against the inroads of Malik Shah, the Seljuq Sultan of Iconium. [47] Alexios was never happier than when taking part in military exercises and he assumed personal command of his troops whenever possible. [49] Bryennios had been made kaisar (Caesar) and received the newly created title of panhypersebastos ("honoured above all"), and remained loyal to both Alexios and John. He was born in February 1106 at Balabista in Macedonia, was made co-emperor with his father at 16 or 17 years of age and died on the 2nd August 1142 [1] at Attalia, Pamphylia. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 12. Byantium led by Alexios I Komnenos is a custom civilization mod by JFD and Janboruta, with contributions from Tarcisio, and Regalman. Alexios' father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. Alexius I Comnenus, also spelled Alexios I Komnenos, (born 1057, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]—died August 15, 1118), Byzantine emperor (1081–1118) at the time of the First Crusade who founded the Comnenian dynasty and partially restored the strength of the empire after its defeats by the Normans and Turks in the 11th century. Gegen die Seldschuken suchte er bei Papst Urban II. Leben. September 1167 in Konstantinopel; † Oktober 1183) war byzantinischer Kaiser ab 1180. Those who did not become part of this extended family were deprived of power and prestige. Abstract: The goal of my thesis is to survey the political environment and the power struggles during the reign of Alexios I Komnenos (1081-1118). PhD Dissertation, University of Mainz, 2020. Alexios' reform of the Byzantine monetary system was an important basis for the financial recovery and therefore supported the so-called Komnenian restoration, as the new coinage restored financial confidence. Alexios I Komnenos of Comnenus (Grieks: Ἀλέξιος Κομνηνός, omstreeks 1048 tot 15 Augustus 1118) was van 1081 tot 1118 keiser van die Bisantynse Ryk. In 1090 the Pechenegs invaded Thrace again,[28] while Tzachas, the brother-in-law of the Sultan of Rum, launched a fleet and attempted to arrange a joint siege of Constantinople with the Pechenegs. [18] Anna was highly successful in three important aspects of the revolt: she bought time for her sons to steal imperial horses from the stables and escape the city; she distracted the emperor, giving her sons time to gather and arm their troops; and she gave a false sense of security to Botaneiates that there was no real treasonous coup against him. Please login to your account first; Need help? This led to a further revolt near Philippopolis, and the commander of the field army in the west, Gregory Pakourianos, was defeated and killed in the ensuing battle. [57] Although this policy met with initial success, it gradually undermined the relative effectiveness of imperial bureaucracy by placing family connections over merit. Alexios I. Komnenos (mittelgriechisch Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός) (* 1057; † 15. Byzantine Emperor: Reign 19th February, 1684- 27th August, 1704 Predecessor Andronikos V Komnenos Successor John IX Komnenos Born 19th January, 1656 Constantinople, Byzantine Empire Died 20th December, 1704 Cheron, Byzantine Empire Spouse Justina Komnenos House Komnenos Burial 23rd December, 1704 Constantinople, Byzantine … Although he was not the founder of the Komnenian dynasty, it was during his reign that the Komnenos family came to full power. Alexios I. Komnenos (1048 – 15. srpna 1118) byl byzantským císařem v letech 1081 až 1118 a zakladatelem dynastie Komnenovců.Alexios projevil své výjimečné státnické, vojenské a diplomatické schopnosti za velice dramatických okolností na konci 11. století, kdy byla byzantská říše svírána vážným vnějším nebezpečím ohrožujícím samotnou existenci státu. Alexios' last years were also troubled by anxieties over the succession. [35] This was the People's Crusade: a mob of mostly unarmed pilgrims led by the preacher Peter the Hermit. [11], The empress was already closely connected to the Komnenoi through Maria's cousin Irene's marriage to Isaac Komnenos,[10] so the Komnenoi brothers were able to see her under the pretense of a friendly family visit. [26] As soon as the Norman threat had passed, Alexios set out to punish the rebels and deserters, confiscating their lands. Led by a pretender claiming to be Constantine Diogenes, a long-dead son of the Emperor Romanos IV,[31] the Cumans crossed the mountains and raided into eastern Thrace until their leader was eliminated at Adrianople. In any case too young to rule in his own right, his mother Maria of Antioch acted as his regent, although she favoured her nephew and so Alexios was a mere figurehead. Komnenos (griechisch Ἀλέξιος Β' Κομνηνός, * 10. Die Existenz dieses Hilfegesuchs ist jedoch umstritten, da Anna Komnena in ihrem Werk Alexias, der einzigen Quelle zum Ersten Kreuzzug aus byzantinischer Sicht, das Sendschreiben nicht erwähnt und besonders die Überraschung und Bestürzung des Basileus hervorhebt, als er Gerüchte von dem Nahen der Kreuzritter erfuhr. He obliged, sending a complete assurance for the family with his own cross. Alexios I Komnenos (tiếng Hy Lạp: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 hoặc 1056 – 15 tháng 8, 1118), là Hoàng đế Đông La Mã từ năm 1081 đến năm 1118. As a measure intended to keep the support of the Doukai, Alexios restored Constantine Doukas, the young son of Michael VII and Maria, as co-emperor[21] and a little later betrothed him to his own first-born daughter Anna, who moved into the Mangana Palace with her fiancé and his mother. Alexios war der drittälteste Sohn des Domestikos der Scholen Johannes Komnenos und der Anna Dalassene und somit ein Neffe des Kaisers Isaak I. Er diente als Feldherr unter den Kaisern Michael VII. 1 Overview 1.1 Byzantium 1.2 Alexios I Komnenos 1.2.1 Dawn of Man 2 Unique Attributes 3 Strategy 4 Music 5 Mod Support 5.1 Events and Decisions 5.2 Unique Cultural … For other uses, see, Portrait of Emperor Alexios I, from a Greek manuscript. The Political Opposition to Alexios I Komnenos (1081–1118) By João Vicente de Medeiros Publio Dias. [38] Alexios used the opportunity to meet the crusader leaders separately as they arrived, extracting from them oaths of homage and the promise to turn over conquered lands to the Byzantine Empire. Den militære, finansielle og territorielle gjenoppbyggingen i Østromerriket startet under hans styre. Mit den Seldschuken schloss er Frieden, um sich gegen den in das Reich eingefallenen Normannenherzog Robert Guiskard zu wenden. Paläste außerhalb der Landmauer — INHALTSVERZEICHNIS. Hy het ’n ineenstortende ryk geërf en was deur sy hele bewind in oorloë betrokke met die At the emperor's further insistence, and for their own protection, they took refuge at the convent of Petrion, where they were eventually joined by Maria of Bulgaria, mother of Irene Doukaina. Seine Mutter Rusudan war eine Tochter des georgischen Königs Giorgi III. 1096–1099 Der Erste Kreuzzug ist für das Imperium eher bedroh - lich als einträglich: Die euro - päischen Ritter unterwerfen sich nur notgedrungen byzantinischer Hoheit. With the Balkans more or less pacified, Alexios could now turn his attention to Asia Minor, which had been almost completely overrun by the Seljuq Turks. Κέντρο Βυζαντινών Ερευνών – ΑΠΘ, Θεσσαλονίκη, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alexios_I._(Byzanz)&oldid=202725372, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Alexios I. Komnenos; Ἀλέξιος Α’ Κομνηνός (griechisch). rief daraufhin am 27. Alexios’ Vater Manuel wurde nach dem Sturz Andronikos’ I. von dessen Gegnern geblendet und starb mit hoher Wahrscheinlichkeit kurze Zeit später. Alexios' father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. Er war Sohn des Manuel Komnenos und Enkel Andronikos I. Komnenos, des letzten byzantinischen Kaisers aus der Familie der Komnenen, der 1185 von Isaak II. These are the best ones selected among thousands of others on the Internet. Angelos gestürzt und danach getötet wurde. Nikephoros III intended to leave the throne to one of his close relatives,[10] and this resulted in Maria's ambivalence and alliance with the Komnenoi, though the real driving force behind this political alliance was Anna Dalassene. August 1118) war byzantinischer Kaiser von 1081 bis 1118. Alexios, besorgt durch die große Menge der Kreuzfahrer und zugleich bestrebt, die Interessen des Reiches zu wahren, forderte von den vor Konstantinopel erscheinenden Fürsten den Lehnseid für die von den Moslems zu erobernden Länder, wusste dieses auch mit großer Geschicklichkeit durchzusetzen, wenn auch keineswegs vollständig. August 2020 um 20:00 Uhr bearbeitet. [29] Alexios overcame this crisis by entering into an alliance with a horde of 40,000 Cumans, with whose help he crushed the Pechenegs at Levounion in Thrace on 29 April 1091. Alexios came from a military family from Asia Minor, and he had royal blood for he was the nephew of Emperor Isaac Komnenos (r. 1057-1059 CE). Joannes was born on July 12 1015, in Trabzon, Byzantine Empire. Alexios Komnenos was a Byzantine aristocrat and courtier. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Κομνηνός, c. 1048 – 15 August 1118), Latinized Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Alexios Komnenos (1048 - 1118) The mother of Alexios, Anna Dalassene, was to play a prominent role in this coup d'état of 1081, along with the current empress, Maria of Alania. Im Gegensatz zu früheren byzantinischen Münzreformen war diese umfassend und betraf alle Münztypen. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 or 1056 – 15 August 1118), was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Alexios hatte mit seinem Hilfegesuch nach Westen sozusagen die „Büchse der Pandora“ geöffnet, wenn auch ungewollt. Robert drang nun siegreich bis Makedonien vor, musste aber, durch die Fortschritte Heinrichs IV. Alexios' policy of integration of the nobility bore the fruit of continuity: every Byzantine emperor who reigned after Alexios I Komnenos was related to him by either descent or marriage. His appeals to Western Europe for help against the Turks were also the catalyst that likely contributed to the convoking of the Crusades. During this time, Alexios was rumored to be the lover of Empress Maria of Alania, the daughter of King Bagrat IV of Georgia, who had been successively married to Michael VII Doukas and his successor Nikephoros III Botaneiates, and who was renowned for her beauty. Alexios’ father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. Restorasi Komnenian yang merupakan restorasi militer, keuangan dan teritori dilakukan pada masa ia berkuasa. Andronikos I. Komnenos 384 III. Although he was not the founder of the Komnenian dynasty, it was during his reign that the Komnenos family came to full power. Alexios I Megas Komnenos or Alexius I Comnenus (Greek: Αλέξιος Α΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Alexios I Megas Komnēnos; c. 1182 – February 1, 1222) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1204 to 1222. Alexios I Megas Komnenos or Alexius I Comnenus (Greek: Αλέξιος Α΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Alexios I Megas Komnēnos; c. 1182 – February 1, 1222) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1204 to 1222. [43], During the last twenty years of his life Alexios lost much of his popularity. Manuel I. Komnenos XVI. Den 1078 von Nikephoros als Kleinkind abgesetzten Mitkaiser Konstantin Dukas Porphyrogennetos beteiligte er bis zur Geburt des Thronfolgers Johannes an der Regierung; seinen älteren Bruder Isaak Komnenos machte er unter dem neu geschaffenen Titel Sebastokrator zum Vizekaiser. [4] Under Michael VII Doukas Parapinakes (1071–1078) and Nikephoros III Botaneiates (1078–1081), he was also employed, along with his elder brother Isaac, against rebels in Asia Minor, Thrace, and in Epirus.[5]. [36] Eventually Alexios dealt with the People's Crusade by hustling them on to Asia Minor. However, his mother consolidated the Doukas family connection by arranging the Emperor's marriage to Irene Doukaina, granddaughter of the Caesar John Doukas, the uncle of Michael VII, who would not have supported Alexios otherwise. Nevertheless, the intrigues of Irene and Anna disturbed even Alexios' dying hours. Abtheilung. Alexios I Komnenos (1056 - 15 August 1118) ruled over the Byzantine Empire from 1081 to 1118. Alexios I Komnenos Margaret Mullett, Dion Smyth (eds.) [37], The "Prince's Crusade", the second and much more formidable host of crusaders, gradually made its way to Constantinople, led in sections by Godfrey of Bouillon, Bohemond of Taranto, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and other important members of the western nobility. In 1074, western mercenaries led by Roussel de Bailleul rebelled in Asia Minor,[6] but Alexios successfully subdued them by 1076. Durch die Heirat mit Irene aus der einflussreichen Familie der Dukai sicherte Alexios I. Komnenos seine Herrschaft. From there she negotiated with the emperor for the safety of family members left in the capital, while protesting her sons' innocence of hostile actions. [57] By seeking close alliances with powerful noble families, Alexios put an end to the tradition of imperial exclusivity and co-opted most of the nobility into his extended family and, through it, his government. Alexios was for many years under the strong influence of an eminence grise, his mother Anna Dalassene, a wise and immensely able politician whom, in a uniquely irregular fashion, he had crowned as Augusta instead of the rightful claimant to the title, his wife Irene Doukaina. Botaniates. [9] Botaneiates allowed them to be treated as refugees rather than as guests. Alexios Komnenos was the first dynastic founder since Basil I two centuries earlier, and was the most successful emperor since Basil II. [5][37] In spite of the success of the First Crusade, Alexios also had to repel numerous attempts on his territory by the Seljuqs in 1110–1117.[46]. Alexios (Alexios I. Komnenos) Alexios, byzantinischer Kaiser: Alexios I. Komnenos (1081–1118), * Konstantinopel 1048/57, † ebenda 15. Vor den Nachstellungen des Letzteren floh Alexios zum Heer, wurde von diesem zum Kaiser ausgerufen, eroberte die Hauptstadt und entthronte Nikephoros. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, c. 1048 – 15 August 1118) was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Then to gain entrance to both the outer and inner sanctuary of the church, the women pretended to the gatekeepers that they were pilgrims from Cappadocia who had spent all their funds and wanted to worship before starting their return trip. Under Michael VII Doukas Parapinakes (1071–1078) and Nikephoros III Botaneiates (1078–1081… Hoewel hy nie die stigter van die dinastie was nie, was dit tydens sy bewind dat die Komnenos-dinastie op sy magtigste was. Emperor of Byzantium whose reign was marked by the First Crusade . 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Stated in the West by Nikephoros III und entthronte Nikephoros pada masa ia berkuasa army against Botaneiates reign the. As Komnenian restoration began in alexios i komnenos reign that the Komnenos family came to full power was granted Anna...

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