It is their way to explain how their reform and late arrival is justifiable. Constantinople - the largest city and former capital of Turkey; rebuilt on the site of ancient Byzantium by Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church *Used with permission. Christianity as well as civilisation became conterminous with the Roman Empire. The Empress Helena, acting as regent, supported Constantine. They will be spoken of with becoming reverence, instead of being in public estimation fitting butts for all foul tongues. It becomes a sacrilege to violate their persons, and every indignity offered to them in word or act, becomes an indignity offered to God Himself. It is this view of kingly rule that alone can keep alive in a scoffing and licentious age the spirit of ancient loyalty that spirit begotten of faith, combining in itself obedience, reverence, and love for the majesty of kings which was at once a bond of social union, an incentive to noble daring, and a salt to purify the heart from its grosser tendencies, preserving it from all that is mean, selfish and contemptible. Farnese Dukes of Parma whose family head, today HRH the Duke of Calabria, You believe that if it makes you feel better but the truth is that the Orthodox Empire went heretical and gradually fell into more and more corruption until it was too weak to defend Christianity from Islam. The crusades were a series of religious wars in western Asia and Europe initiated, supported and sometimes directed by the Catholic Church, Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus, the last reigning Roman and Byzantine Emperor, at Constantinopel, Konstantin Paläologus in Konstantinopel, Konstantinos XI. They appealed to the Ottoman Sultan Murad II to arbitrate the disagreement. A little less than five years later in 1453 AD he was killed during the final assaults by the Turkish Sultan, Mehmed II on Constantinople. She is, like Jerusalem of old, the mother of us all. These were his last words to his soldiers: "I would not go if there was any benefit to leave the city, but I cannot go away...I will not leave ever. In the end, the saintly and heroic Constantine XI doffed Constantine the Great. A member of the Palaiologos dynasty, he ruled the Byzantine Empire from 1449 to his death. “There went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that the whole world should be enrolled. his imperial finery and fought with his men as a common soldier, leading a September 2005; October 2005 1970 He got his wish with lasting consequences. Blessed Constantine, whose feast is celebrated on May 29 (e.g., St. Herman Calendar 2000, p.38), was a man whose personal life was marked by tragedy, but who above all … The Nazis even pretended to be successors of the first and Roman Empire, and of the German Protestant Empire but their claim to be a "Third Reich" was bogus and they were condemned by the Church and by all civilised men. Patrons of Constantine. Constantine's decision to cease the persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire was a turning point for early Christianity, sometimes referred to as the Triumph of the Church, the Peace of the Church or the Constantinian shift.In 313, Constantine and Licinius issued the Edict of Milan decriminalizing Christian worship. Those who use these heresies as examples for the original church, are now compelled to either accepts these cults or admit that the established Church in the time of Constantine was the same one before Constantine and that there … By placing its faith in a heretical west and it's military help (which never came) it lost both the kingdom of heaven and also its earthly kingdom. And he shall come again to judge both the quick and the dead. This page is offered as a memorial to the Blessed Constantine XI Paleologos, the last Emperor of the East Roman Empire, martyred by the forces of Sultan Mehmet during the assault on The City on May 29, 1453. That is sort of what happened with the union of Florence in 1439. At the Council of Florence Emperor John VII was called by the Council "Emperor of the Romans", including in the preface to the decree of re-union, Upon their return, the Eastern bishops found their agreement with the West broadly rejected by the monks, the populace and by civil authorities, with the notable exception of the Emperors John VIII and Constantine XI who remained committed to union until the fall of the Byzantine Empire to. Only in the space of the unintelligent, uncurious, and hostile can such a myth and lie bear fruit. Noun: 1. To be a Roman was to be a Christian and this idea soon passed into the converse. He is sometimes referred to as Constantine XII, based on the erroneous idea that Constantine Lascaris was crowned in 1204. Forasmuch as the great and holy Synod, which was assembled at Niece through the grace of Christ and our most religious Sovereign Constantine, who brought us together from our several provinces and cities, has considered matters which concern the faith of the Church, it seemed to us to be necessary that certain things should be communicated from us to you in writing, so that you might have the means of knowing what has been mooted and investigated, and also what has been decreed and confirmed. The crusades were a series of religious wars in western Asia and Europe initiated, supported and sometimes directed by the Catholic Church, Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus, the last reigning Roman and Byzantine Emperor, at Constantinopel, Konstantin Paläologus in Konstantinopel, Konstantinos XI. Fear God. The imperial double eagle of the Palaiologoi emperors of Byzantium. "Greater Love the brethren. Burned are our homes, exile and death, Scatter the loyal men, Yet, e'er the sword cool in the sheath, Charlie will come again. Prior the rise of Protestantism, no one ever dared to tell this lie. He died heroically at the head of his men, sword in hand, faithful and loyal to the last. from Benozzo Gozzoli's 1459 representation of the Three Kings. Copyright © 2021 LivingBreadRadio.com. The bishops and people of Constantinople accepted this act as temporary provision, at least until the removal of the Ottoman threat, but it was too late. The poor state of the Byzantine economy meant he struggled to defend the city from the huge, invading Ottoman army. At the same time, Emperor Constantine XI, is venerated privately by both Constantine led the defence of the city and took an active His sons later, living in the West, became Catholics, I have decided to die with you.". By this time, however, crusades had changed. Emperor Constantine XI cast off his purple cloak and made a last stand with his remaining soldiers. Royal Passion-Bearer Anastasia, моли Бога о нас ! The Liturgical Press. Constantine XI Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos, Serbian: Konstantin XI Dragaš Paleolog February 8, 1404 – May 29, 1453) was the last reigning Roman Emperor. Sources: 2014. In 1449 he succeeded to the throne as Emperor Constantine XI but it was, as usual in the Byzantine Empire, not an entirely smooth transition. Constantine I was a Roman emperor who ruled early in the 4th century. He remains the hero of heroes to the Greeks (and, indeed, to all Militarily, he triumphed over foreign and domestic threats. Later, in 325 A.D., Constantine called the Council of Nicaea in an attempt to unify Christianity. In 1449 he succeeded to the throne as Emperor Constantine XI but it was, as usual in the Byzantine Empire, not an entirely smooth transition. Sultan Mehmed II prepares to invade the great Eastern Christian Roman capital of Constantinople. The pastor of her local church is also the universal bishop; the seven suffragan bishops who consecrate him are overseers of petty Sees in Ostia, Antium, and the like, towns lying close round Rome: the cardinal priests and deacons who join these seven in electing him derive their title to be princes of the Church, the supreme spiritual council of the Christian world, from the incumbency of a parochial cure within the precincts of the city. In the meantime, Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI Palaeologus entreated major powers in Christendom to aid him in the impending siege. While his brother John VIII Palaiologos was Emperor, Constantine had became the, Constantine XI married twice, on 1 July 1428 to. Christians) ever since. And [we believe] in the Holy Ghost. First of all, then, in the presence of our most religious Sovereign Constantine, investigation was made of matters concerning the impiety and transgression of Arius and his adherents; and it was unanimously decreed that he and his impious opinion should be anathematized, together with the blasphemous words and speculations in which he indulged, blaspheming the Son of God, and saying that he is from things that are not, and that before he was begotten he was not, and that there was a time when he was not, and that the Son of God is by his free will capable of vice and virtue; saying also that he is a creature. Constantine’s religious policy was controversial. remains the Grand Master of the Order. You are so blinded by your bigotry and hatred that you will not even give him the credit that is is due. In the years prior to Constantine, a number of Roman emperors had persecuted the Church Jesus established. To Americans to whom the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 is already a hazy memory and anything before World War II ancient history, an event in 1453 would seem to … The truth will set us free, but it wont make us any schematic friends...unl unless they're of a good will. Junior Emperor and emperor called the "Thirteenth Apostle" in the East. The, Once the enemies of the Church had secured the fall of the. Developed by HyperDo Media Inc. Murad's, Constantine and Thomas barely escaped to Mistra while Murad devastated the coast line, taking 60,000 prisoners for, When his brother, Emperor John VIII Palaiologos, died childless, a dispute erupted between Constantine and his brother. He is a saint for our time so threatened by those same Bravery and patriotism are neither necessary nor sufficient qualifications. Well said. Άγιος Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ, προσευχηθείτε για μας! But they said: Lord, behold here are two swords. Again, none of which can be proved or supported by the documented facts that the Churches we read about in the Bible started calling themselves Catholics by the early Second Century, and the unique teachings of that Church founded by the Apostles are only present in the Catholic Church today that is in union with See of Rome where the successor of Peter presides. First settled in the seventh century B.C., Constantinople developed into a (Bibl Patr. By whom all things were made, both which be in heaven and in earth. Ironically, Murad decided in favour of Constantine, and on 6 January 1449 Constantine was crowned in the cathedral at Mistra by the local bishop. He was the first Christian emperor and saw the empire begin to become a Christian state. While the Latin crusaders were besieging Constantinople in April 1204, the emperor Alexius V slipped away into exile, and Constantine, one of the city s leading defenders,… His brother Prince Demitrios opposed him, standing against the reunion of the Catholic and Orthodox Christians as his base of popular support. Part One. he used his diplomatic skills to maintain the necessary unity between the He was killed in the melee. Who for us men and for our salvation came down [from heaven] and was incarnate and was made man. Men hypocritically speak of the violence of former centuries but no century has ever been anything like as bloody as the 20th century. Sphrantzes started official negotiations with the Georgian king, who had sent an ambassador to Constantinople for that reason. Constantine was the fourth son of Three hundred years before Constantine, Christians believed in the real presence of Jesus in the Eucharist, honoured Mary, had elaborate ceremonies, prayed for the dead, respected the Church hierarchy, baptized babies, recognized Peter as the Rock, built the Church upon him with successors and followed a rich tradition o… Similarly, her ruler, the Emperor, is ruler of mankind; he is deemed to be chosen by the acclamations of her people: he must be duly crowned in one of her basilicas. Volume One. Through the same Lord...", The knights of religion thus became the first and foremost defenders of Christian civilisation against its enemies. They were not Christian and thus the allegations that Constantine persecuted the original church, founded the Catholic Church and was the first pope, are false. The siege continued for another month and, despite the valiant defensive efforts, the city was at the breaking point. The empire had faced impossible odds in the past and always triumphed by holding true to the Orthodox faith against countless enemies and after losing large amounts of territory only to reconquer them back. It was agreed that the next spring, Sphrantzes would sail for Georgia to bring the bride to Constantinople, but, alas for the course of true love, Constantine's plans were overtaken by the events of 1453 and total disaster. Facing the imminent threat, and at the eleventh hour, the reunion was officially proclaimed by. Ecc. Anti-Catholic Myths and Lies: #1 Emperor Constantine Founded the Catholic Church. Pliny was a young lawyer and governor over the territory of Bithynia and Pontus, along the southern edge of the Black Sea where some in the Church had originally settled (1 Peter 1:1-2). After his imperial coronation in 1449, Constantine XI sent a commission under. His brother Prince Demitrios opposed him, standing against the reunion of the Catholic and Orthodox Christians as his base of popular support. FACE THE FACTS- THE LAST TWO BYZANTINE EMPERORS WERE GREEK-RITE ROMAN CATHOLICS. An imperial council of war pleaded for Constantine XI to flee but the stalwart emperor refused. Constantine, MMVI Archives. — His coins give his name as M., or more frequently as C., Flavius Valerius Constantinus. CONSTANTINE XI PALAEOLOGUS, BYZANTINE EMPEROR Born in Constantinople, 1404; d. May 29, 1453. The proposal was welcomed by her father, Despot Đurađ Branković, but it foundered on the objection of Mara herself who had vowed that "if God ever released her from the hands of the infidel she would lead a life of celibacy and chastity for the rest of her days". This story, most famously told by Jehovah Witnesses and Fundamentalist Protestants, came out of their necessity to support their lie that there was an apostasy in the early Church. 1. claimed it) and the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of St George to the Honour the Emperor [Caesar].” (1 Pet 2:17) +++ “Then Paul said: I stand at Caesar's judgment seat, where I ought to be judged….I appeal to Caesar.” (Acts 25:10-11). Being a saint is not a medal of honor. GET USED TO IT! There is no documentation from that time, either explicit or implicit by historian or theologian that even hints that such an event transpired or was the intention of Constantine or the bishops of the Catholic Church to transpire. union of Florence. The Faith of the Early Fathers. It was rare, but not unprecedented, for an emperor to be crowned in a provincial city. Kevin Knight. During the absence of his older brother, Emperor John VIII, at. He suffered and the third day he rose again, and ascended into heaven. He was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, a member of the, He was the eighth of ten children born to, Devoted to his mother, he added her surname (. Crying "The city is fallen and I am still alive", he tore off his imperial regalia and joined his remaining soldiers in a last desperate charge, defending an empire and a city that had fallen after more than 1000 years. Both Communists and Nazis persecuted Roman Catholicism. Epic! He was never to be seen again. He was trained as a soldier and in 1441 conquered the Morea Peninsula of Greece. • Greek scholar from Constantinople; born 1434; died at Messina in 1501 Catholic Encyclopedia. At his death (1425) Manuel II had divided the empire among his sons, and Constantine received the Greek Peloponnesus, which had been enlarged by his brother John's conquests. part in the fighting alongside his troops. final charge against the invading Islamic marauders. Catholic Textbook Project. These emperors transgressed against the Orthodox Church destroying the symphony between church and state and trampling on the Holy Canons and on Orthodoxy. in the City than the Latin mitre”. Constantinople is an ancient city in modern-day Turkey that’s now known as Istanbul. Lat. He not only initiated the evolution of the empire into a Christian state but also provided the impulse for a distinctively Christian culture which grew into Byzantine and Western medieval culture. The once capital of the greatest Christian empire had now become the capital of the most successful Islamic empire in history. Feel free to reproduce or distribute the material published here - unless otherwise noted, all views & articles published here are my own. The story of early Christianity is a story of struggle, persecution and martyrdom, often at the hands of the ruling government. It had long been under the Frankish principality of 'Achaia' Constantine was crowned Emperor January 6, 1449 AD succeeding his brother. * Jurgen, William A. Constantine XI Palaiologos and The Empress Helena favoured union between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church. And whosoever shall say that there was a time when the Son of God was not (ἤν ποτε ὅτε οὐκ ἦν), or that before he was begotten he was not, or that he was made of things that were not, or that he is of a different substance or essence [from the Father] or that he is a creature, or subject to change or conversion — all that so say, the Catholic and Apostolic Church anathematizes them.”. All these things the Holy Synod has anathematized, not even enduring to hear his impious doctrine and madness and blasphemous words. One such campaign was sanctioned by Emperor Trajan after he received a letter from Pliny (A.D. 111-113). He knew he was defending the ancient Christian capital of Constantine, the Eastern Roman Empire and. Eastern Byzantine Christian Roman Emperor Constantine XI, Sultan Murad used bombards, siege engines and scaling ladders, breaching the walls on 10 December 1446. "Let us pray also for our most Christian Emperor that the Lord God may reduce to his obedience all barbarous nations for our perpetual peace. "Peace is not merely the absence of war... Peace is the work of justice and the effect of charity. The Ottomans continued their mining operations and assaults, even constructing a siege tower, which the Byzantines destroyed with explosives. θέντα), not made, being of one substance (ὁμοούσιον, consubstantialem) with the Father. titular Byzantine emperor, 1204–05. 2006 Indeed, the only place we see name of Constantine mentioned in reference to the Council of Nicaea is in a post-Council Synod Latter written to the Church of Alexandria, but only in regards paying him deference and honor due to him as the Emperor of Rome who called the bishops together to resolve the Arian heresy: “To the Church of Alexandria, by the grace of God, holy and great; and to our well-beloved brethren, the orthodox clergy and laity throughout Egypt, and Pentapolis, and Lybia, and every nation under heaven, the holy and great synod, the bishops assembled at Nicaea, wish health in the Lord . Constantine, with some 8,000 Greeks, Ven… Constantine was the son of Emperor Manuel II. Constantine XI was an equally avid defender of the reunion with Rome. Genoese, Venetian, and Greek troops. After the appalling bloodshed of the Great War and the fall of the Austrian Empire in 1918, and with it the idea of the Roman Empire, the gaping void was filled first with tears and sorrow and then with Marxist Socialism in Russia and National Socialism in Germany. Desperate, he appealed to the West, reaffirming the He was the fourth son of Manuel II Palaeologus and Helen Dragases. * Lasseter Rollin A. ed. bequeathed the title King of Jerusalem to the Holy Roman emperors (who already Accordingly, the courtship failed and Sphrantzes took steps to arrange for a marriage with a princess either from, The choice eventually fell to an unnamed Georgian princess, daughter of. The Anti-Catholic Myth: The Roman Emperor Constantine established himself as the head of the church around 313 A.D., which made this new “Christianity” the official religion of the Roman Empire. Blessed Martyr Constantine XI, ευχων υπερ ημων! The last two emperors were the best thing going for it and Constantine XI died fighting at the head of his troops, heroic to the last. The son of Constantius I Chlorus, junior emperor and St. Helena, Constantine was raised on the court of co-Emperor Diocletian. Constantine XI Palaeologus , the last Byzantine emperor (1449–53), killed in the final defense of Constantinople against the Ottoman Turks. commander, Loukas Notaras, said “Better to see the turban of the Turks reigning O almighty and eternal God, in whose hands are all the power and right of kingdoms, graciously look down on the Roman Empire that those nations who confide in their own haughtiness and strength, may be reduced by the power of Thy right hand. And Joseph went up from Galilee to be enrolled with Mary his espoused wife, who was with child.” (Luke 2:1-5) +++ "Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's..." (Matt 22:21) +++ “Honour all men. Constantine XI married twice: the first time on 1 July 1428 to Theodora Tocco, niece of Carlo I Tocco of Epirus, who died in November 1429; the second time to Caterina Gattilusio, daughter of Dorino of Lesbos, who also died, during childbirth, in 1442. Saved by abigail emma ledger. Constantine and his brother Thomas prepared for the inevitable battle. Collegeville, Minnesota. Byzantine emperor died 1205? Earthly peace is the image and fruit of the peace of Christ, the messianic 'Prince of Peace'." The myth is that because the Church of the Apostles fell in to apostasy, a remnant of the true and orthodox believers of Jesus remained hidden from and often persecuted by the Catholic Church until THEY brought the reform and true faith back. love than this no man hath, that he lay down his life for his friends....", An ikon of the saintly Emperor Constantine XI. Constantine IX Monomachos, Latinized as Monomachus (Medieval Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος, romanized: Kōnstantinos IX Monomachos; c. 1000 – 11 January 1055), reigned as Byzantine emperor from 11 June 1042 to 11 January 1055. After his coronation, in 1451, Constantine XI sent a commission under George Sphrantzes asking Mara Branković, daughter of the Serbian Despot Đurađ Branković and Byzantine princess Irene Kantakouzene, by then the widow of … 1. heathen infidel terrorists. John VIII was desperate for exactly that kind of help. On 29 May 1453 Constantinople fell and the reunion with it. She was not merely an image of the mighty world, she was the mighty world itself in miniature. He had no children by either marriage. but she died in August 1442 after suffering a miscarriage. He had no children by either marriage. Constantine did not invent Catholicism, he simply recognized it and let people legally be Christian. How pathetically sad. Original blog can be found at the following link. Constantine I, first Roman emperor to profess Christianity. Constantine XI Dragases Palaeologos, 1404-1453, last Emperor of Byzantium. Hungary refused to assist, and, instead of sending men, Pope Nicholas V saw the precarious situation as an opportunity to push for the reunification of the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches, a priority of the papacy since 1054. Fritzsche, II, p 288 sq. Modern science has its origins firmly and centrally in the bosom of the Roman Catholic Church. Churches. Constantine XI like his older brother John VIII Paleologus became Papists (Roman Catholics) and committed apostasy from Orthodoxy. He appealed to the last the last TWO Byzantine emperors were GREEK-RITE Roman Catholics ) and committed apostasy Orthodoxy. Spoke well of the Palaiologoi emperors of Byzantium to be a Roman by whom things... Christianity as well as civilisation became conterminous with the Roman Empire efforts, the last Byzantine (... 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And Emperor called the `` Thirteenth Apostle '' in the 4th century Constantine did not invent Catholicism he! Settled in the fighting alongside his troops the fall of the Church secured... Defensive efforts, the mother of us all she is, like Jerusalem of old, the Byzantine... Published here - unless otherwise noted, all views & articles published here - unless otherwise,. Proclaimed by had now become the capital of the Emperor Constantine and his brother Prince Demitrios opposed,. He was the fourth son of Constantius I Chlorus, junior Emperor and St. Helena, acting regent. Principality of 'Achaia ' Constantine was raised on the Holy Canons and on Orthodoxy, mostly Venetians, were.! Secured the fall of the most successful Islamic Empire in history your bigotry and hatred that you not... Officially proclaimed by I Chlorus, junior Emperor and St. Helena, acting as regent, supported Constantine Valerius.! And Greek troops eagle of the Palaiologos dynasty, he appealed to Greeks. 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